Classical music has a lighter, clearer texture than Baroque and is less complex. It is mainly homophonic, using a clear melody line over a subordinate chordal accompaniment but counterpoint was by no means forgotten, especially later in the period. It also makes use of style galant which emphasized light elegance in place of the Baroque's dignified seriousness and impressive grandeur. Variety and contrast within a piece became more pronounced than before and the orchestra increased in size, range, and power.
Music Listening Examples
Listening Ex. 1 - Haydn chamber music -"The Lark"
Listening Ex. 2 -Haydn Symphony -"Military Symphony"
Listening Ex. 3 - Mozart -"Piano Sonata in F major"
Listening Ex. 4 -Haydn - "The Surprise Symphony"
Listening Ex. 5 - Mozart - "Eine Kleine Nachtmusik"
Listening Ex. 6 - Mozart - "Piano Concerto No. 23"
Listening Ex. 7 - Mozart - "Horn Concerto No. 3"
Listening Ex. 8 - Gluck - Orfeo ed Euridice: "Che faro"
Listening Ex. 9 - Mozart - Don Giovanni: "Leporello's Catalogue"
Listening Ex. 10 - Beethoven - Symphony No. 3
Listening Ex. 11 - Beethoven - Symphony No. 9
Listening Ex. 12 - Beethoven - Symphony No. 5
Sonata Form Analysis