Baroque music expresses order, the fundamental order of the universe. Yet it is always lively and tuneful. Follow the development of music through this brief outline, from the earliest times to the present day, with baroque music set in historical context.
The English word baroque is derived from the Italian barocco, meaning bizarre, though probably exuberant would be a better translation more accurately reflecting the sense. The usage of this term originated in the 1860s to describe the highly decorated style of 17th and 18th century religious and public buildings in Italy, Germany and Austria, as typified by the very baroque angelic organist adorning the Gottfried Silbermann organ completed in 1714 for the Cathedral in Freiberg, Saxony (illustrated above). Later, during the early-to-mid 1900s, the term baroque was applied by association to music of the 17th and early 18th century, and today the term baroque has come to refer to a very clearly definable type or genre of music which originated, broadly speaking, around 1600 and came to fruition between 1700 and 1750.
Music Listening Examples
Listening Ex. 1 - Monodic Style "Amarilli"
Listening Ex. 2 - Early Opera "Orfeo" (1:29:00)
Listening Ex. 3 - Aria"When I Am Laid in Earth"
Listening Ex. 4 - Aria "Piangero"
Listening Ex. 5 - Oratorio "He Gave Them Hailstones"
Listening Ex. 6 - Messiah "Shepherds Abiding/Glory to God"
Listening Ex. 7 - Passion "Ah, Golgotha!...." (2:29:00)
Listening Ex. 8 - Cantata "Sleepers, wake" (7:30) (20:15),(27:00)
Listening Ex. 9 - Fugue "Fugue in C minor"
Listening Ex. 10 - Fugue "Messiah"
Listening Ex. 11 - Chorale Predlude "Wachet auf"
Listening Ex. 12 - Suite "Harpsichord Suite XI"
Listening Ex. 13 - Sonata "Sonata de camera"
Listening Ex. 14 - Sonata "Sonata de chiesa"
Listening Ex. 15 - Concerto Grosso "Brandenburg Concerto"
Listening Ex. 16 - Solo Concerto " The Four Seasons"
Listening Ex. 17 - Baroque Orchestra "Orchestral Suite No. 3"